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Dr. Sanjay Gupta: The secrets of a ‘Jeopardy!’ guest host

Dr. Sanjay Gupta

(CNN)One day earlier this year, in the midst of all the darkness surrounding the pandemic, I received a wonderful phone call.

It was from Barry Nugent, a “Jeopardy!” executive, asking with a little chuckle if I wanted to guest host the show.
My mouth went dry and my chest tightened. The thing about calls like that is you always imagine they will come with lots of fanfare, confetti and maybe the victorious sound of trumpets marking a momentous occasion in your life.
But instead, they are almost always low-key, understated affairs, nearly to the point of being unbelievable.
After his simple invitation, Barry added that he thought I’d have a lot of fun. That was it — followed by a very enthusiastic and ebullient response from me.

What is: yes!?

No, there weren’t any shrill trumpets, but I do remember the theme music from “Jeopardy!” playing in my head, starting before Barry even finished speaking. I am sure you know the music, and you’re probably humming it right now. You may not know, however, that famous music is a song aptly named “Think” and it was originally written by “Jeopardy!” creator Merv Griffin as a lullaby for his son. (If you are reading this article, I am guessing you have always loved facts like that).
For most everyone else though, “Think” represents “Final Jeopardy!”, the time to write your response and make your wager. As soon as the music started playing in my mind I was transported to my childhood.

CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta will guest host "Jeopardy!" for the next two weeks.

What is: the Gupta household’s favorite pastime?

My parents are both engineers and they inspired my early love of “Jeopardy!”
Them, the newly immigrated young parents, still developing their English skills, and excelling at categories involving math, science and world history. Me, the burgeoning teenager, showcasing my knowledge of pop culture, sports and emerging trends.
“Jeopardy!” was the great equalizer in our family. We all had our strengths and our weaknesses. Any of us could emerge a champion. Decades later, I can still recall the look of pride my dad had when he came up with the correct response. I later realized he was even more proud when his young son did the same.
'Jeopardy!' posts a final message for longtime host Alex Trebek
The Gupta household was one always filled with facts, data and evidence. We cherished them and truly celebrated knowledge. In many ways, “Jeopardy!” was not just our favorite show, it was in our DNA.
Once we got a VHS recorder, we found ourselves primarily using it to record “Jeopardy!” so we would never miss an episode. My childhood memories are filled with VHS tapes neatly labeled “Jeopardy!”/Show Date and immaculately organized in a cupboard underneath the TV. When we had guests over for dinner, we often pulled out a tape so they could play along. My dad played especially well in those situations, and it took me a few months to realize he had sometimes secretly watched the episodes ahead of time.

What is: a game show with integrity?

The origin story for “Jeopardy!” likely began in 1954, when the Supreme Court ruled that giveaways on game shows weren’t considered gambling. That allowed shows to increase the lavishness of the prizes and popularity with audiences.
Unfortunately, we also learned that while it wasn’t illegal at the time, game shows could be rigged, and they were. Audiences felt betrayed and there was a grand jury and congressional investigation. Much of it was chronicled in the film “Quiz Show.” By 1960, TV game shows appeared done and buried, after Congress made rigging them illegal.
When “Jeopardy!” debuted on March 30, 1964, however, it was supposed to soften the scandalous reputations from a decade earlier. The idea was to just give the contestants the answers and ask them to come up with the questions, instead. It was a powerful enough twist to convince TV executives to try a game show one more time. No gimmicks, no fixes. The most critical ingredient for “Jeopardy!” would be its honesty, and nearly 60 years later, as I learned, that integrity is baked into all facets of the show.

"I wasn't supposed to share the clues with anyone, obviously, not even my spouse," Gupta writes.

For example, the show’s standards and practices team was omnipresent on set. They shared some of this history with me and also gave practical tips, reminding me to keep close tabs on any papers that contained clues, even asking that I put them in the hotel safe whenever I left the room. I wasn’t supposed to share clues with anyone, obviously, not even my spouse. While I was given multiple show scripts, I wasn’t told the order we would tape them until just before filming began. And, even after that, the order could be changed again to ensure no one had advance notice of the clues. Even the contestants themselves weren’t certain when they would be called into a new show. There was a constant and purposeful shuffling of schedules and content to maintain that sterling history of high integrity. I felt it all around me.

What is: the room where it happens?

Every morning before we started taping, we had a writer’s meeting to go through the clues for the day. It was one of my favorite times of the day because we got to catch up a little bit, get to know each other and pore over so many interesting bits of knowledge.

Jeopardy! champions share their fondest Alex Trebek memories

The “Jeopardy!” team of producers, writers and Clue Crew is considered the very best in the business, and it was easy to see why. It is a finely tuned machine with professionals at the top of their game. Mike Richards, Lisa Broffman, Rocky Schmidt and Billy Wisse led the daily meeting that took place in an actual library!
We sat around a table surrounded by voluminous sets of biographies and bibliographies. It even had that perfect library smell. If someone wasn’t sure about a clue, one of the genius writers would run off to a row of books, pull out the appropriate text and start flipping through pages. Sure, there was someone at a computer as well, but the whole feel of the meeting was so studious and so scholarly: very “Jeopardy!”
I loved it and felt right at home.

What is: the native language of ‘Jeopardy!’?

Even the language of “Jeopardy!” is different. Yes, there is always an exclamation point after “Jeopardy!” Instead of questions and answers, it is clues and responses. You should never ask a contestant for their answer, because their response is, in fact, a question. Confusing? A little bit.
Mike Richards, the executive producer, even had a “Jeopardy!” “swear” jar for every time I asked a contestant for their “answer.” Right away, in my earpiece, I would hear his calm, patient voice. “Response.” A few seconds later, he would say, “You owe me a beer.”
I also realized I was going to need to come up with several quick options to tell a contestant they gave the correct response. I even made a list of words that I carried around on set: Yes, Good, You got it, That is correct, That’s the one, Well done, That’s right, Correct, Spot on, You betcha, That’s it, Exactly, Absolutely, Right on, Yeah baby, Bingo, Bazinga, Roger and Preach!
OK, I didn’t use all of them, but when you watch these next two weeks, you will see that I did have some fun.

What is: the difference between a journalist and a game show host?

Colleagues often asked me about the similarities between being a TV journalist and guest hosting “Jeopardy!” Truth is, there aren’t many. In much the same way that an ophthalmologist and orthopedic surgeon are both doctors, you probably wouldn’t see the eye doctor for your broken leg. The same was true for “Jeopardy!” Yes, they are both TV jobs, but they are also entirely different. I even had to unlearn some TV journalist habits to really get into the groove of the show.
For starters, I was blown away by the incredible speed at which the game is played. Even though I had watched “Jeopardy!” for decades, I never really considered the pace of the show.
I would have 61 clues to deliver for every game. Thirty for the first round, 30 more for “Double Jeopardy!” and then one “Final Jeopardy!” clue. When I did the math for a half-hour show, accounting for things like commercial breaks and interviews with the contestants, I calculated I needed recite a new clue roughly every 15 seconds. In order to accomplish that, I had to be in constant control, keeping everyone focused and moving the show along.
One more thing: The goal was to tape five shows a day. That is 305 clues. One every 15 seconds.

"I even had to unlearn some TV journalist habits to really get into the groove of the show," Gupta writes.

What are: the similarities between a surgeon and a game show host?

Surprisingly, it was my surgical training that helped me get into the right groove for “Jeopardy!” In many ways, I prepped for the guest hosting role the way I prepare for an operation, diligently reviewing not only the diagnosis and anatomy of the patient, but the space and environment where I would be performing the operation. I like to have the OR bed positioned a particular way, depending on the type of operation. The microscope should come from behind my left shoulder with a certain amount of clearance. I want the imaging screen across the table and a little to my right, so I don’t have to turn my body in another direction to see it properly.
With “Jeopardy!”, I spent hours reviewing the clues, understanding, repeating and memorizing them, but also exploring the space and feel of the set. Usually, television sets tend to be much smaller than they appear on TV, but that was not the case here. There was the enormous game board, three contestant lecterns, plasma monitors and still plenty of additional room to explore. For me, it was a sentimental experience, thinking of my parents while standing on the set I had spent so much time watching with them in my early years.
After I let it all settle in, I got busy mapping it all out. It was 12 1/2 steps from backstage to the first place I stopped on the stage. The extra half was a stutter step that landed me perfectly on the mark. It is there that I would thank the legendary Johnny Gilbert for his introduction, greet the TV audience and introduce the contestants. 1-2-3. After that it was a quick pivot to the right and three and a half steps back to position myself behind the host lectern, where I would start reading the categories.
All of that needed to take place in the first two and a half minutes.

What is: the best way to make someone say ‘What is … ‘?

According to the autobiography of the inimitable Alex Trebek — a book I highly recommend — for most of his career, he read the categories and clues off a large sheet of paper and X’d them out as the game progressed.
Nowadays, there is a large screen built into the host lectern. As each contestant calls for the specific category and dollar amount, it pops right up on the screen. If there was ever a questionable response from a contestant, I just needed to look up at the row of “Jeopardy!” judges, who were sitting just to the side, and they would quickly give me a thumbs up or down.

"I was told to 'stare down' the contestant until they either figured out their mistake," Gupta writes.

One of the trickiest situations to prepare for was the possibility the contestant wouldn’t respond in the form of a question. If that happens during the “Jeopardy!” round, the host still accepts the response with a reminder to “watch your phrasing.” If it happens during “Double Jeopardy!”, I was told to “stare down” the contestant until they either figured out their mistake or time ran out, at which point I would say “no” and wait for another contestant to ring in. Remarkably, it didn’t happen very often. Even under all that pressure, the contestants were consistently composed and able to keep up with not only the clues, but the intricacies and rapid pace of the game.

What is: the reason every episode looks polished?

One of the things you may have noticed is the guest host is only on camera for a few minutes throughout the entire show. At the beginning, at the end, during the contestant interviews and during those occasions when no one came up with the right response. (The host then tells everyone the correct response.) Most of the time, the TV audience sees either the board or the contestants, and as I figured out, that notable detail is one of the most critical in making the show appear seamless.
Here’s why.
Try to picture this: When I start delivering a clue for the audience, the contestants are already reading the clue off the game board. As a result, their brains are absorbing and digesting the clue much faster than I could possibly say it. In fact, most contestants aren’t listening to me as much as they are just waiting for me to stop talking — because it is at that point the board lights up and their signaling devices are activated. It is very important that I don’t throw off the pace with a clumsy read of the clue because that can throw off the board operator, which then throws off the contestants — and if someone rings in too early, they are locked out for a quarter-second, which can make all the difference. Bottom line: No one is happy.
Here is the secret. If I do butcher the reading of the clue, I can still power through the mispronunciation without trying to auto correct or do anything else to throw off the cadence of my read. And, then during the commercial break or at the end of the show, I can just read it again. Because I was not on camera during those botched reads in the first place, the TV audience will never know the difference. Problem solved.
Out of 305 clues in a single day, I was told Alex Trebek only occasionally had to reread a clue. I wasn’t nearly as proficient. One day, I had to reread every clue in a particular category. In my defense, it was a category full of 10-letter words in a foreign language. As much as I practiced the night before, I was still stymied by all the syllables.

Gupta writes he "wasn't nearly as proficient" at reading clues as the inimitable Alex Trebek.

What is: still the Gupta household’s favorite pastime?

The first day I showed up on set, it was to meet everyone and start rehearsals. While the team was entirely too kind to admit this, I think they would all agree I was pretty terrible.
My pacing was off. My language skills suddenly declined. I forgot to walk to certain parts of the set at the right time, and I repeated the cardinal sin of calling a response an answer.
As I was trying to find my rhythm, I remember Mike Richards, the executive producer, walking over to me and talking me through it. It was like a masterful coach coming to talk to his errant pitcher at the mound. I thought he might bench me, but instead he told me something I never forgot: “For the contestants who come to play, this is one of the biggest days in their lives, and when you look at someone at the end of the show and tell them they are a ‘Jeopardy!’ champion, it is like placing a gold medal around their neck.”
It was powerful. The way Mike framed it changed everything for me. I wanted to make sure I didn’t let the amazing contestants down on one of the biggest days of their lives.

"Just because a show is full of facts and knowledge doesn't mean it has been stripped of intensity and humanity," Gupta writes.

That night, I practiced the moves. I ran through the paces in my hotel room over and over and over again. The bathroom became backstage and the bed was my lectern. The TV was the gameboard and the window was the audience. Once I finally nailed the mechanics, I studied the clues. I got the intonation and the stride right. Speedy, but not rushed. After all that, I finally allowed myself to really feel the incredible emotion of “Jeopardy!”
The next day, the practice paid off and the moves finally started to feel more natural. And, at the end of the show, it all clicked together. I looked at one of the contestants, smiled and said, “That makes you our ‘Jeopardy!’ champion!” The reaction was just marvelous. With hand over chest, the person started to shake, their mouth started to quiver and then break into a look of pure joy. The power of the moment was felt throughout the entire set. Everyone was smiling and crying — at the same time.
It made me realize that just because a show is full of facts and knowledge doesn’t mean it has been stripped of intensity and humanity. “Jeopardy!” is all those things.
For the next two weeks, I will be guest hosting “Jeopardy!” As you may now understand, for me, it is the honor of a lifetime.
Nowadays, I have three teenage daughters of my own and they will usually snuggle in close for that half-hour a day. We enjoy the same competitiveness and camaraderie I had with my parents. And for the first time in 16 months, my mom and dad will be coming to visit, as well. They didn’t want to miss the chance to once again celebrate knowledge, facts, data and evidence. It will be special, comforting and more important than ever.
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